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Peopling of the World: Europe

Homework #1

What did one Neanderthal say to the other Neanderthal?
The Aesthetic Ambivalence of the Neanderthals
The Origins of Mediterranean Cave Art
The Muslim Expansion into Europe
Celts in the British Isles
European Language Development

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Illuatration of a Celtic chieftain

Consider a deck of 52 playing cards. How many ways can you come up with to classify the cards into two or more groups? Describe the characteristics that you used and the number of groups that resulted.
There are the usual groupings: By suit (4) and by color (2). Other groupings that could be used: Royal cards and numbered cards (2), odd and even cards (2), odd, even, and person cards (3). Five groups.

What is your independent research topic for the class? Find two papers from the primary literature (i.e. a journal such as the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, the American Journal of Human Genetics, Human Biology, Evolutionary Anthropology, American Antiquity or American Anthropologist) that are relevant to your topic. Write a brief summary of each (1-2 paragraphs) that discusses what the authors questions were, what they did, and what their findings were. Be sure to provide a complete citation for each article.
My topic is archaeological data of Celtic occupation in the British Isles.

David Keys, author of the article Rethinking the Picts, discusses the possibility that the Picts were not just hairy, unclean barbarians, but a more sophisticated culture than anyone imagined. He discusses the findings of different archaeologists that support the theory that the Picts were actually much more intelligent and complex. Some of these discoveries include the first monastery in Pictland on the Tarbat Peninsula, evidence of ancient stone carving, glass making, and metal working. Evidence is being produced proving that Pictish art was not just primitive imitations of British and Irish art, but of an originality that no one noticed. This article argues, in addition to the aforementioned, that they had a fully developed church and monastic belief. (Rethinking the Picts, David Keys. Found in Archaeology.)

The second article is a description of the discovery of two chariots found during construction of a runway Paris' Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle Airport. One of these is probably a part of a burial of a warrior, thought to be so due to the artifacts found with the chariot. The other had no such decoration, so no one really knows who was buried there, though many speculate that the person was probably a saint. Although no swords or shields were found, there were a few amulets and a ring, as well as toiletries. (Chariots Grounded at Paris Airport, Frédéric Lontcho. Found in Archaeology.)

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